Between 4:30 and 5 we got picked up by Victor, our guide and driver who took us for an hour 45 minutes drive to go back to 4,200 altidute to our destination: Geyser el Tatio. Entrance fee is 10,000 per head, we arrived at 6:30. It was quite cold, -4! After paying the entrance we went to the main geyser to see the sunrise.
10 km2 square big and 5 km deep the Geysers are, with underneath Magma. The underwater that touches the hot stones receive a high temperature and create the boiling water at the geometric field of the geysers.
Water comes out holes everywhere, to find an exit. We also passed small holes that might end up becoming really big.
After that we passed some bigger spitting ones. The minerals from the geysers create little layers you can see on the ground. researchers studied the layers, thinking it like rings in trees. They found out it depends on which location the geyser is located, how the size will be. They saw every one is special and unique. 10,000 years ago this place was covered with 10 m of ice, melted after climate change and with the expansion water reached the area, creating the geysers. The geysers create a continuous evolution of the area.
The water is above 4,200 altitude boils at 85 degrees instead of 100 degrees because of the altitude. The water felt like body temperature.
The next geyser that comes every 40 seconds for like 12/13 seconds, and is and cycling one. They had small and big ones. It looks like a little fountain with a timee, really cool. Explanation behind it, if you boil a kettle because of pressure. But if you add cold water it stops, and boils later on. The water out, when it comes out the water that comes back is cold and gives this effect.
Bacteries color the ground, creating new life because of geysers. 4 times new life is created on earth, just need water and chemicals thanks to volcanic activity. The geysers show this process in small..
We continued to the principal geyser, this one is also a cycling one taking 10/15 minutes for 5 minutes of action.
After enjoying the sunrise coming over the volcano glowing the geysers, we had our breakfast on the other side of the park. Victor took out tables, chairs and the food for a breakfast with a view. Ourside enjoying geysers in the back.
On the way back we enjoyed the highlands of San Pedro and spotted the wild llamas called beconjas, we saw a fox and crossed through snowy mountain paths.
Putana volcano we walked to a view point to see birds and fauna called Vado Putana.
we spotted wild Viscatjas, look like bunnies, in between the rocks, and llamas.
Next stop Machuca, a former mining town now made touristic, with a lot of llamas famous for llama sausages. 3,000 pesos to try the kebab like sAusage.
We stopped to see poco, the oldest volcano in the area for a nice view.
Once back at our hostel Soncheck, Alfonso, Tina and Martina were waiting for us to get lunch again at the same place as yesterday, good quality and cheap !
After that we got a single room for our stuff to sleep a bit and do our administration for the upcoming three flights in 23 hours (!!!). Around 19:15 pm we had a private shuttle booked for 24,000 pesos to drive us to Calama airport 1,5 hours away. Here our journey begins to Argentina!